1G, 2G, 3G 4G LTE and now 5G!

Way back when mobile phones came into existence the they coined 1G with  fore thought that the cell phones were just in its inception and that there was a long way to go! That recognition proved to be such a blessing and let us innovate and keep pushing the envelop with every succeeding generation.  with 1G the idea was to make a call keep that call from dropping off when a moving cell phone user moves out of range of a particular cell phone tower to another. The process of the connection getting transferred to the next cell tower is know as the “hand shake” . The cell tower is usually placed or built high enough to reach a large number of people and usually the locality get surveyed ahead of time.  The cell towers come in various sizes , the femtocell is usually limited to a building, the picocell can serve up to 250 yards , the microcell can operate upto 1 mile and the macrocell can serve upto 10 miles. The amount of signal that is required for a cell phone to operate with all the functionalities that is in the modern cell phone is a minimum of -45 db and that is what all the cell phone towers are aimed to do.

The 2G is when the text part came introduced and just a voice call was not enough that the data part of the process had to be introduced as well. The more the information was getting transferred between devices the more demanding the requirement on those cell phone towers became.  The 3G came along and the idea of the internet became a viability and the demand on the cell phone towers ramped up even further. With every generation the demands of the cell phone users grew and grew and now at 5G the demands are more complex and vast then ever with the introduction of Internet of things (IoT) , automated cars and more all comes with some increasing evidence that the public health might be at risk.  At 5g frequency the water molecules starts to turn in its axis meaning it effects the water molecules. 90 % of the human body is water  and that makes it plausible that the human body can be at some risk from various publications and studies that had been done in the recent past. With that food of though it is reasonable to assume that all these developments come at a cost.

 

Why 5G is only going to get more expensive to operate, then the current 4G?

The 5G networks and all the hype about how good it is and also how revolutionary it is going to be for cellular communication. In actuality it is not about speed that is the actual advantage, it is the connectivity of devices that makes 5G as the dawn of new age when it comes to cellular communication. Cellular communication has been inching into our lives slowly but surely and I remember when it was just a flip phone and how convenient it was to store numbers in it without having to write down all your friends number and remember to carry them everywhere you went on your pocket along with the phone. The additional feature of being able to store your friends name and number was actually a great feature and little did I envision of what it has become today. Why is 5G such a big deal? Well, for the short answer with out 5G your life will completely codependent on your phone eventually. You can be single with no strings ties in a relationship or any dependence on anyone for that matter, except the cellular phone.

Since iPhone was introduced the holy grail of smart phone technology was to automate your life as much as technologically possible. The smart phone has a lot of what is know as peripheral accessories alreay loaded in it. The GPS, gyro-meter, temperature sensor, pressure sensor, camera, RFID to name a few. With the GPS your phone can tell your home thermostat to wake up from sleep mode to action mode to warm your home or even your bed if you have the means. The refrigerator can alert you with the inventory when you go grocery shopping by knowing when you are actually in the grocery shopping! This type of living would have been possible already if not for this pesky technology called 5G that was taking this long. In reality we have the technology today and it is getting deployed around the United States at a very rapid pace.

What does the 5G actually do?

Good question! 5G is all about connecting small devices and more importantly stay connected! Why is the staying connected part such a crucial aspect of this technology? For your fridge to communicate with the phones, the home thermostat, door lock, starting the car all of this is depended on these devices are able to be woken up in a moments notice so they are not expected to stay ON 24×7 putting a stress on the battery. You see with all the technological innovation, the battery and energy is still the bottle neck in this whole equation. 5G operates in very high frequncy wavelenghts that it enables for this technology to be feasible and functional. How? is making these devices being able to operate in a small frequencies means that these signal are very powerful when the devices are in close proximity meaning that it require multiple cell phone towers instead of one giant tower, it requires multiple smaller micro cell type structures and with more devices being added to this cluster means every house is going to need a cell phone signal booster.